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How Climate Change Will Impact The Philippines?


Impacts of climate change in the Philippines are immense, including: annual losses in Gross Domestic Product GDP the value of the final goods and services produced in the Philippines, changes in rainfall patterns and distribution, droughts, threats to biodiversity and food security, sea level rise, public health risks, and endangerment of vulnerable groups such as women and indigenous people. With 50 percent of its 111 million population living in urban areas, and many cities in coastal areas, the Philippines is vulnerable to sea level rise. Changes due to the variability and intensity of rainfall in the country and increased temperatures will affect food security and the safety of the population. The negative effects will show up in frequent shortages of food due to reduction in crops and that would later of course, cause price inflation. That would affect predominantly poor families,


The Philippines is made up of about 7,641 islands off the southeast coast of China. Its geography is one of the main factors for being most at risk from the effects of the climate crisis.Being an island nation, the Philippines rely heavily on fish for food. It’s the 8th biggest fishing nation in the world with the yearly haul of two million tons of fish estimated to be worth $2.5 billion.


Unfortunately, climate change is already having a devastating effect on sea life.


Rising sea temperatures and ocean acidification from pollution are killing off the coral reefs surrounding the Philippines. The result is that fish will have less to feed on and will either die off or migrate elsewhere. That means far less fish are caught, driving up prices and leaving thousands hungry. A rise in sea level, resulting from the estimated 2°C to 4°C increase in global temperatures, may impact Philippine Tourism.


Based on the current pledges by World governments, it is fully expected that the average global temperature increase will be somewhere around 3.7°C by 2070. A study published in the US Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; the Climate Central report suggests that as many as “20 million” Filipinos will be displaced (= homes destroyed) in the event of a 4°C global temperature rise. Most of the world’s human population would experience more than the global average in a four degree world, and that’s largely down to the fact that land warms more quickly than ocean. Since four degrees is a global average surface temperature, it includes the surface of both land and water. In many places, but not all, it appears warming would be greater in winter months.


For the northern hemisphere, that means stronger warming during December, January and February. Despite international pledges to limit global temperature rise to two degrees, a new report from the World Bank calculates that the measures suggested to tackle climate change are unlikely to keep temperature rise below three degrees. The report concludes:


“Even with the current mitigation pledges fully implemented, there is roughly a 20% likelihood of exceeding 4°C by 2100. If they are not met, warming of 4°C could occur as early as the 2060s”Displaced residents of Cagayan de oro, Southern Philippines, have been living in the outskirts of the city in makeshift evacuation areas for almost a year after Typhoon Washi claimed the lives of hundreds and destroyed over 2 Billion Pesos (approximately 48 million US Dollars) worth of infrastructure.


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